Mastung, Pakistan

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Mastung, Pakistan

Mastung, known as مستونگ in Balochi and Urdu, serves as the capital of Mastung District, a prominent town situated within the Balochistan province of Pakistan. Nestled at an elevation of approximately 1,701 meters, equivalent to 5,583 feet above sea level, Mastung possesses a distinctive geographical charm.

Furthermore, Mastung functions as the central administrative hub for Mastung Tehsil, an essential administrative subdivision of the district. Notably, the town itself is further divided into two Union Councils, contributing to its administrative organization.

Mastung is prominently located within Sarawan, a division historically associated with the princely state of Kalat. It is worth noting that the Chief of Sarawan traces his lineage to Mastung, emphasizing the town’s historical significance within the region.

Regrettably, Mastung has witnessed tragic incidents of violence in recent years. The 2017 Mastung suicide bombing resulted in the loss of 28 lives and left 40 individuals injured. Subsequently, in 2018, another devastating suicide bombing claimed 149 lives and left 186 people injured. Tragically, Mastung experienced yet another act of violence in 2023, underlining the challenges faced by the town and the resilience of its community.

In summary, Mastung stands as the capital of Mastung District in Balochistan, Pakistan, offering a blend of historical significance and unique geographical attributes. Its role as an administrative center underscores its importance within the region. However, the town has also faced its share of tragic incidents, highlighting the need for peace and stability in this historically significant part of Pakistan.

Dasht

Country

Province

District

Division

Elevation

Population

Coordinates

Time zone

Pakistan

Balochistan

Mastung

Kalat

1,701 m (5,581 ft)

35,129

29°47′56″N 66°50′50″E

UTC+5 (PST)

History

Mastung has a historical legacy dating back to the 10th century, as documented by geographers such as al-Muqaddasi and Istakhri. They both included Mastung in their records as one of the towns within the province of Bālis, alternatively known as Bālish or Wālishtān, with its capital located in Sibi.

The historical account continues in the late 1500s with the Ain-i-Akbari, a document from the reign of the Mughal emperor Akbar. According to this record, Mastung was listed among the 24 mahals (subdivisions) encompassed within the Sarkar (administrative division) of Kandahar. During this period, Mastung was fortified by a mud brick fort and generated an annual revenue of 10 tumans and 8,000 dinars in cash, in addition to 470 kharwars of grain. Its population was characterized by a blend of Afghans and Balochs, reflecting the diverse heritage of the region.

Regrettably, Mastung’s recent history has been marred by tragic events. The 2017 Mastung suicide bombing resulted in the loss of 28 lives and injuries to 40 individuals. Subsequently, in 2018, another devastating suicide bombing claimed the lives of 149 people and left 186 injured. Sadly, Mastung experienced yet another act of violence in 2023, underscoring the resilience of its community in the face of adversity.

In summary, Mastung’s historical roots extend back to ancient times, with its significance documented by various geographers and historical records. The town’s diverse population and economic activities have shaped its identity over the centuries, while recent events emphasize the need for peace and stability in the region.

Demography

Mastung is home to a diverse population comprising several Baloch and Pashtun tribes. Among these tribes, prominent and politically active ones include the Bangulzai, Shahwani, Pirkani, Sarpara, Raisani (Tareen), and Muhammad Shahi. These tribes play a leading role in the area’s political landscape. Additionally, there are other tribes in Mastung, including the Dehwar, Lehri, Satakzai, Bangulzai, Tareen, Ali Zai, and many more, each contributing to the cultural tapestry of the region.

The linguistic diversity in Mastung reflects its cultural richness. The Baloch community primarily speaks two languages: Brahui and Baluchi. These languages are integral to the cultural heritage of the area and contribute to the vibrant linguistic landscape of Mastung.

Religion

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Religion 1941 2017
Pop. % Pop. %
Islam 2,963 94.36% 34,369 98.21%
Hinduism 124 3.95% 416 1.19%
Sikhism 28 0.89%
Christianity 25 0.8% 201 0.57%
Others 0 0% 11 0.03%
Total  3,140 100% 34,997 100%

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